|Posted by Somya Sangal Apeejay Pitampura on July 26, 2011 at 3:59 AM|
5) POSTED BY AAKARSHA HANDA ON JULY29,2011
I am back with yet another blog.We have heard about many laws , local as well as national , for the protection of butterflies in India.But still there are many more organisations and societies which are promoting butterfly conservation through their interactive sessions and programs.Todya , we will be talking about these organisations and societies.So , let us begin.
WWF-INDIA is one of the largest conservation organisations engaged in wildlife and nature conservation in the country.This organisation plays an important role in the conservation of butterfliy species , especially the Kaiser-i-hind butterfly.This specie is also known as the Emperor of India due to its shimmering greens, bright yellows and delicate blacksThe Kaiser-i-Hind is a local and rare butterfly which is protected by Indian and Nepalese law. Protection enforcement in these countries not being effective, it is hunted and collectors pay heavy prices.The two species of Kaiser-i-hind were listed in CITES, Appendix II from 1987 onwards.IUCN has listed this butterfly in the ''Near Thretened '' category.It is also threatened by limestone mining activities.
WWF-India is working to conserve the habitat of this butterfly through its different landscape programmes in Eastern Himalayas.
kaiser i hind butterfly
2.BNHS-BOMBAY NATURAL HISTORY SOCIETY
BNHS has been promoting the cause of a natural India for the past 127 years since 1883.It organises nature trail camps covering a wide variety of habitats in India from the snowy Himalayas to the rain swept forests and deserts.The objective is to connect people to nature conservation, advocate eco-tourism and encourage local participation.It encourages conservation by making CECs( Conservation Education Centre ) in Mumbai and Delhi.It also organises Training sessions, Workshops, Nature Trails and Customized Programs for adults, children, families and corporates to create awareness about conservation.It has played a major role in butterfly conservation.
A small area outside CEC is developed in Butterfly Garden. There are several foodplants as well as nectar plants planted in this garden. At any given time, visitors get to see butterflies seeking nectar or a caterpillar chopping away the leaves and if one is lucky they may get to see butterflies laying eggs or butterfly emerging from a pupa.
It also organises the following awareness programs:
a.Breakfast with Butterflies
b.Butterfly watching trails
c.Butterfly watch Nature Camps
d.Bas with Bugs
e.Meal with Moths
f.Publication of books and booklets
It has been publishing the BNHS journal since1886.
3.BUTTERFLY CONSERVATION SOCIETY , HYDERABAD
was founded in December 2005 by a few enthusiasts from Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh, with the objective of spreading the message of conservation of valuable butterfly fauna and other insects and also to protect their habitats and to create awareness among both the young and old.The society organises field trips, lectures, nature camps, film and slide shows. It is registered under the Andhra Pradesh Societies Registration Act 2001.It has the following objectives:
a. To generate interest in butterflies and their conservation among young and old.
b. To create awareness among people about the beneficial role of butterflies and other insects their habitats towards a healthy ecosystem.
c. Networking with other organisation in nature conservation including research and also to conduct workshop and training programmes to enhance knowledge on this subject.
d. To provide, equip and maintain a museum and other repositories for butterflies and other insects along with herbarium consisting of butterfly flora which provide nectar for adults and larval food plants.
e. Assisting educational and other institutions and in individual homes and parks for erecting butterfly gardens/parks in their premises.
f. Develop database on butterflies available in AP and to prepare field guide on butterflies in Andhra Pradesh.
g. To bring out a newsletter on butterflies to publish and exchange information on butterflies.
4.HORIZON INTERNATIONAL AND BUTTERFLY CONSERVATION , ASSAM
This organisation has successfully launched an initiative for the conservation of butterfliesThe primary objective of the programme has been to initiate people into the fantastic world of butterflies and to encourage them to get involved in butterfly study and conservation.
The second butterfly study workshop was held at Bajali College, Pathshala from 10-12 September 2006
A training programme on butterfly study and strategies for their conservation has been designed as part of their effort to create a group that conducts research and field studies on butterflies and to gradually build a network that furthers long-term butterfly conservation at national and international levels.
The programme has been quite successful and over the past six months they have conducted camps in different parts of Assam, reaching out to over 70 undergraduates and high-school students.
This has been achieved by working with Departments of Zoology in different colleges where life-sciences are taught, as well as networking with environmental NGOs working in the field of wildlife conservation.
Their on-going efforts have helped them to initiate individuals into more systematic butterfly study and consequently form a framework for a much-needed butterfly conservation network.
5.BANNERGHATTA NATIONAL PARK , BANGALORE
The country's first Butterfly Park was established at the Bannerghatta Biological Park.THE BUTTERFLY PARK comprises a butterfly conservatory, museum and an audio-visual room.
The environment has a tropical setting — complete with the humid climate, an artificial waterfall,a narrow walking bridge and host plants and shrubs that attract butterflies.
The conservatory leads to the second and third domes, which house the museum containing dioramas and exhibits of carefully preserved,exquisite butterflies.
Th government has been promoting the conservation of butterflies through stamps.
2.OPENING BUTTERFLY CONSERVATORIES
The government has opened several butterfly conservatories.It has opened the following conservatories
a.Bannerghatta National Park
b.Butterfly Conservatory of Goa
c.Butterfly Park in Himachal Pradesh
d.India's first Open Air Butterfly Park opened in Sikkim
Now , we come to an end of this blog.I hope that the government keeps promoting the conservation of butterflies.
6) POSTED BY NAMRATA PANDEY ON JUNE 3,2011
WORLD OF INCREDIBLE BUTTERFLIES
The Karner Blue, Lycaeides melissa samuelis, is a small, blue butterfly found in small areas of New Jersey, the Great Lakes region, southern New Hampshire, and the Capital District region of New York.
The male and female of this small (wingspan of about one inch) butterfly are different in appearance. The topside of the male is silvery or dark blue with narrow black margins. The female is grayish brown, especially on the outer portions of the wings, to blue on the topside, with irregular bands of orange crescents inside the narrow black border. The underside of both sexes is gray with a continuous band of orange crescents along the edges of both wings and with scattered black spots circled with white.
Wild lupine is a perennial plant in the pea family with beautiful pink to blue flowers. It is found primarily on dry, sandy soils in open to partially shaded habitats.karner blue feed on wild lupine.
Due to effects of environmental variation and differing requirements among life stages, broods, and sexes, Karner blue butterflies require a mosaic of sun and shade.Adult Karner blue butterfly females are more likely to use shaded habitats than males. Avoiding harassment by males and compromising between greater amounts of wild lupine in open areas and better quality of wild lupine in shaded areas (see below) have been suggested as possible reasons for increased occurrence of females in shade.
Larvae in shaded habitat apparently have an advantage over those in open areas. The increase in larvae in shaded habitats is likely due to effects of shade on wild lupine.Shade-grown wild lupine has been shown to provide higher quality larval resource than sun-grown lupine.
Spiders and many insects are the major predators of Karner blue butterflies. The seven-spotted lady beetle is one of the few confirmed predators of Karner blue butterfly larvae.Paper wasps (Polistes spp.), spined soldier bugs, and ants (Formica spp.) have been observed removing larvae,and the ant Monomorium emarginatum has been seen chewing on Karner blue butterfly eggs.
According to reviews, habitat loss through direct conversion to other land uses and through succession are considered the major causes of the decline of the Karner blue butterfly.Habitat loss and butterfly collectors continue to threaten populations of the Karner Blue Butterfly. Collection is illegal without a permit from the U. S. Fish and Wildlife Service.
7) POSTED BY SUKRITI SUHEJA ON MAY 30,2011
BUTTERFLIES OF INDIA
Heya guys....Really Really sorry for being too late...Today i will be discussing about COMMON CROW BUTTERFLY.
COMMON CROW BUTTERFLY(Euploea core):Itis a common butterfly found in South Asia. In India it is also sometimes referred to as the Common Indian Crow, and in Australia as the Australian Crow. It belongs to the Crows and Tigers subfamily of the Nymphalidae (Brushfooted butterflies).The Common Crow is the most common representative of its genus Euploea.The Common Crow (Euploea core) is a glossy black butterfly with brown underside with white marks along the outer margins of the wing. The wingspan is about 8-9 cm and the body also has prominent white spots.
MALE COMMON CROW BUTTERFLY:Male's upperside dark brown, broadly paler along terminal margins; Fore and hind wing with subterminal and terminal series of white spots; on fore wing the former more or less oval, curved inwards opposite apex, the latter series often incomplete, not reaching apex, the spots smaller; often there is a small costal spot, and very rarely a spot in apex of cell and one or more discal spots; on the hind wing the inner series of spots are elongate, the outer conical. Underside similar, but ground-colour more uniform; cell, costal and discal spots on both fore and hind wing nearly always present.
MALE COMMON CROW
FEMALE COMMON CROW BUTTERFLY:Female's hindwing broadly ovate. Upperside dark brown, broadly paler along the terminal margins, especially on the fore wing. Fore wing with more or less incomplete and obsolescent series of subterminal and terminal small white spots, and a powdering of violaceous-white scales at apex, varying very considerably in extent from a mere trace of violaceous between the veins to a large and very conspicuous patch occupying the whole of the apex. Hind wing with a subterminal series of oval or inwardly conical and terminal series of more rounded white spots. Underside paler brown, the white spots larger, more clearly defined. Fore wing not violaceous at apex, a spot (sometimes absent) in apex of cell, and two or three discal spots. Hindwing: a spot in apex of cell, also sometimes absent, and a discal series of five small spots beyond. Antennae, head, thorax and abdomen very dark brown, and, the antennae excepted, sparsely spotted with white.
FEMALE COMMON CROW
HABITAT AND HABITS:It is found everywhere in India right up into the mountains till 8000 feet. Occasionally it swarms in the low, wet, jungles of South India due to the abundance of its foodplants which are spread over three orders of plants.The butterfly, being protected by its inedibility has a leisurely flight. It is often seen flying about shrubs and bushes in search of its host plants. It visits a large variety of flowering plant species.
LIFECYCLE OF COMMON CROW
EGGS:Eggs are laid on the underside of young leaves of the host plants. The egg is shiny white, tall and pointed, with ribbed sides. Just before hatching the eggs turn greyish with a black top.
CATERPILLAR:The caterpillar is cylindrical, vividly coloured and smooth. It has alternate white and dark brown or black transverse bands.The caterpillar bears four tentacle-like appendages, three towards the front and one at the back. All of them are curved backward at the tips.
PUPA:The pupa of this species is shiny golden in color. The wing margins are marked with broad colourless bands. The abdomen has a row of black spots on each segment. The cremaster is black. The pupa later turns black.
OVERALLVIEW OF COMMON CROW LIFECYCLE
EGG CATERPILLAR PUPA ADULT OF COMMON CROW
*It usually has some preference for certain species in a given area. The more commonly used plants are Ficus racemosa, Nerium oleander, Nerium odorum and Cryptolepis buchananii. Ficus pumila a cultivated garden plant which climbs on walls.
POSTED BY AAKARSHA HANDA ON MAY19,2011
I am back with another interesting thought provoking blog.We generally divide the butterflies into the following sub-categories:
3.Superfamily Papilionoidea : papilionidae
The family hesperiidae belonging to the second superfamily hasw the Skipper butterfly.We all have been knowing that Skippers are butterflies.Although they are considered as butterflies , their appearance would suggest that they might be closely related to moths rathee than butterflies.
First let us discuss the features of a moth.The wings of a moth are CONNECTED and when it is at rest , it holds its wings at level.A moth flies at dusk and during the night.Moths have fat furry bodies with feathery antennae.Some moth caterpillars produce silk and have a habit of making holes in woollen clothing.
Unlike butterflies , Skippers have their antennae clubs HOOKED backward like a crochet hook whereas true butterflies' antennae are clubbed together with bubous ends.Skippers have feathereed antennae similar to moths.Skippers have thicker hairy bodies and larger compound eyes unlike true butterflies.When at rest, skippers keep their wings usually angled upwards or spread out, and only rarely fold them up completely.
So these were the similarities between the characteristics of a skipper and a moth.You will be surprised to know Butterflies are divided into two main groups called skippers (hesperioidea) and true butterflies (papilionoidea).
Let us visualise the similarities between the two...
So now we have seen that the appearance of the skippper butterfly separates it from falling into the category of butterflies.
9) POSTED BY SUKRITI SUHEJA ON MAY 11,2011
Heya guys..back once again srry for being late..:(Today we will be discusssing about PEA BLUE BUTTERFLY.
PEA BLUE BUTTERFLY(Lampides boeticus):It is a small butterfly found in Europe, Africa, South and Southeast Asia, and Australia that belongs to the Lycaenids or gossamer-winged family.The wingspan is 24-32 mm for males and 24-34 mm for females.It is also called Peablue, Pea Blue, or Long-tailed Blue.
INTRODUCTION OF PEA BLUE BUTTERFLY:The Long-tailed Blue, or Pea Blue as it is often called, is the sole member of the genusLampides. Despite its small size and apparent fragility it is strongly migratory, able to cross seas, oceans and low mountain ranges with relative ease. It is one of the commonest and most widespread species in the Old World, breeding in southern Europe, almost throughout Africa, and across southern Asia to Indonesia and Australia, and reached New Zealand in 1965. The butterfly reached Hawaii in 1882 but has not yet reached the Americas, although it will almost certainly manage to do so within a few years, probably as a result of being accidentally introduced with an imported plant. In the Oriental regionboeticus is widespread and common, largely due to the use of one of its larval foodplants Crotalaria as a cover plant in rubber plantations. On the upperside males are pale blue with narrow dark borders. Females are dark earthy brown, with a slight flush of pale blue scales at the base of the wings. The pattern on the underside is unique, so this species is unlikely to be confused with any other.
LIFECYCLE:The eggs are china-white and covered with a network of reticulations. They are laid on the flowers, sepals and flower stalks of herbs and bushes in the family Fabacea.The larvae when fully grown are cylindrical, and occur in several colour forms including dark green, yellowish green, and pearly white. All forms have a brown dorsal stripe, reddish lateral streaks and a brown head. The larva has a honey gland on the 7th abdominal segment which attracts certain ant species which milk it for the secretion. The presence of the ants is undoubtedly beneficial in providing a degree of protection against parasitoid wasps and flies. The larva is cannibalistic at all stages of its life, with the result that only one larva survives on each plant.The smooth rounded chrysalis is creamy or pale brown, with a dark dorsal line. It is usually formed at ground level, attached to a dead leaf.
ADULT BEHAVIOUR:The migratory nature of the butterfly means that adults can be seen singly almost anywhere, but normally in the areas where it breeds several can be seen flying together around leguminous herbs and bushes.Both sexes nectar at a wide variety of wild and cultivated flowers. Males also visit damp ground to imbibe mineralised moisture, usually aggregating with other Polyommatine species.The antennae-like "tails" on the hindwings, together with the orange, silver and black "eyespot" at the tornus act together to create the impression of a false head, and divert the attention of birds away from the body. When the butterfly first settles it immediately turns around, and when it is feeding it often walks about in tight circles, thus a predator is never quite sure which direction it is facing. It also oscillates its hindwings causing the tails to wiggle like antennae. This reinforces the back-to-front illusion, and probably causes attacking birds to aim at the tail instead of the head of the butterfly, enabling it to escape relatively unharmed, leaving the bird with nothing but a piece of detached wing in its beaks.
10)POSTED BY NAMRATA PANDEY ON MAY3,2011
WORLD OF INCREDIBLE BUTTERFLIES
today i will tell u about an endangered butterfly named The silver-studded blue butterfly So named due to the silvery blue metallic spots on the underside hind wings
Most easily confused with the Common Blue, it is generally slightly smaller and in the male the blue is a darker shade. The Common Blue also has an additional black spot at the base of the underside forewing.
Silver-studded blue butterflies were released in the UK for the first time in 10 years today in an attempt to save the species from extinction.
Fifty female butterflies were released by rangers from the local wildlife trust on Ockham Common in Surrey after being brought in from three nearby sites.
The silver-studded blue (plebejus argus) was once common across the UK, but its numbers have declined significantly, dropping by 28% between 1970 and 1999. The species is now extremely rare and has become confined to small, fragmented heathland areas.
The butterflies only travel an average of 30 metres in their lifetime, and barriers such as pine trees can stop them from moving from one area to another. This decreases the population and gene pool, creating the need for relocation programmes to ensure the survival of the species.
The decline of heathland in Britain has also threatened the survival of the species as open land and commons have become broken up due to urbanisation.
Today's project by The Surrey Wildlife Trust, in cooperation with Butterfly Conservation, English Nature and Elmbridge borough council, is the first to take place in UK for the last decade and the first ever in Surrey, the trust said.
There are only 14 sites left in Surrey that support the silver-studded blue. The only other places where official releases of the butterflies have been made are in East Anglia and in Wales.
11) POSTED BY ANJALI HANDA ON MAY 2,2011
AN EYE OPENER
Visited the Yamuna Biodiversity Park on 23 April11 along with my students - Aakarsha,Preet, Namrata & Sukriti - members of this project. The Butterfly Conservatory out there was an eye opener for all of us , as we saw the eggs, larvae and adults of so many butterflies on the host plants there, thanx to Ms. Niyang in the Park, who took us around and gave us first hand information.
12) POSTED BY SUKRITI SUHEJA ON APRIL 29,2011
BUTTERFLIES IN INDIA
Heya guys..am back Today we will be discussing about CHOCOLATE PANSY BUTTERFLY.Hope you love to read it...
CHOCOLATE PANSY BUTTERFLY (Junonia iphita):This is a butterfly found in Asia.It is about 5–6 centimetres in wingspan and the female can be told apart from the male by white markings on the oblique line on the underside of the hind wing. The wavy lines on the underside of the wings vary from wet to dry season forms.Individuals maintain a territory and are usually found close to the ground level and often bask in the sun.The eggs are often laid on the ground or on dry twigs near the host plants rather than on them. On hatching the larvae find their way to the host plants.
MALE CHOCOLATE PANSY BUTTERFLY:Upperside of both sexes brown of varying depths of colour. Fore wing: cell with one pair of subbasal and one pair of apical transverse sinuous fasciae.Hind wing with a slender blackish loop near apex of cellular area; a broad inwardly diffuse, outwardly well-defined short discal fascia in continuation of the one on the fore wing; a series of postdiscal somewhat ochraceous ocelli with black pupils minutely centred with white; postdiscal and subterminal broad lines as on the fore wing.
MALE CHOCOLATE PANSY
FEMALE CHOCOLATE PANSY BUTTERFLY:Underside brown, with very broad darker brown transverse fasciae, the interspaces between the markings irrorated with purplish silvery scales. Fore wing with two sinuous fasciae on basal half succeeded by a discal fascia, very broad at the costal margin and decreasing in width to the dorsum, bearing on its outer border a row of obscure ocelli. This is succeeded by a zigzag dark line, and sinuous subterminal and terminal lines ; apex and tornal area suffused with purplish silvery. Hind wing : two irregular, very broad, dark brown, curved short fasciae near base ; a straight, transverse, prominent, narrow ochreous-brown discal band defined outwardly by a black line ; a transverse postdiscal dark brown fascia, widest in the middle and bearing outwardly a curved row of ochreous-brown white-centred ocelli, followed by a zigzag dark line in continuation of the one on the fore wing; a subterminal somewhat diffuse dark fascia and a terminal dark line. Antennae, head, thorax and abdomen dark brown.
FEMALE CHOCOLATE PANSY
LARAVE AND PUPA:The Larave is cylindrical, slightly pubescent and armed with nine longitudinal rows of many-branched spines, except on the head which is clothed with short bristles and the Pupa is regular, with three or five dorsal rows of small tubercular points, hung perpendicularly.
The larvae feed on a variety of plants of the family Acanthaceae species recorded are Hygrophila costata, Justicia micrantha, Justicia procumbens, Justicia sphaerosperma, Lepidagathis formosensis, Strobilanthes callosus and Strobilanthes formosanus.
Thanxx for reading my blog...This much for toady i hope you enjoyed reading my blog next weel i will be telling you about PEA BLUE BUTTERFLY...Till then bbyee tc ciya and have a nice day!!!!!!
13) POSTED BY AAKARSHA HANDA ON APRIL 27,2011
OUR FIRST VISIT TO......
Sorry for being so late for this
Today , i will tell yu about our visit to Yamuna Biodiversity Park , Wazirabad.Yamuna Biodiversity Park is a vast area covering around 150 acres.It is divided into many zones : Visitor's Zone , Nature Reserve Zone , Herbal Zone and Butterfly Conservatory.Let's mainly concentrate on the Butterfly Conservatory.
Butterfly Conservatory is a very bright and colourful place.It is place full of butterflies and host plants.One - one leaf filled with a cluster of eggs.One-one plant fillede with butterflies fluttering over them.Salmon arab butterfly , spotted peirrot , common mormon , plain tiger butterfly and so on.
We clicked many pictures and had a lovely time inspite of the tiring weather .Overall , we had a lovely time.
so , that's all for today .