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Germany- India Relations

Posted by Vanshika Agarwal on October 3, 2012 at 6:45 PM

The bilateral relations between the Republic of India and the Federal Republic of Germany have been traditionally strong due to strong commercial, cultural and strategic cooperation. 


Enthusistic welcome offered to the first Indian student to arrive to Dresden, East Germany (1951)India and Germany have enjoyed long-standing historic and cultural ties. Nazi Germany supported Indian political leader Subhash Chandra Bose's bid for armed struggle against British colonial rule and helped organize the Indian National Army along with Japan. India was the first nation to end the state of war with Germany after the Second World War.  After a spell in Argentina, aircraft designer Kurt Tank, who worked for Focke-Wulf during World War II, moved to India. First he worked as Director of the Madras Institute of Technology, and later joined Hindustan Aeronautics, where he designed the Hindustan Marut fighter-bomber, the first military aircraft constructed in India. Tank left Hindustan Aeronautics in 1967 and by the 1970s had returned to live in Berlin.

India maintained diplomatic relations with both West Germany and East Germany but supported their reunification in 1990.

Development of bilateral ties

Germany has extensively supported education and cultural development in India. Germany helped establish the Indian Institute of Technology Madras after both governments signed an agreement in 1956 and increased its cooperation and supply of technology and resources over the decades to help expand the institution.

In 2008, both nations established the Indo-German Science and Technology Centre in New Delhi to promote joint research and development in energy, environment, coal and water technologies. Germany is India's largest European trading partner and the 5th largest trade partner. Current trade volume stands at € 10.5 billion in 2006, € 12.7 billion in 2007-08 and both nations see it increasing to € 30 billion by 2010. India and Germany enjoy strong commerce and cooperation in telecommunications, engineering, environmental technology, food processing, chemicals and pharmaceuticals.

Strategic ties

In the 1990s, Germany condemned India's 1998 nuclear tests, but has since expanded its cooperation with India in fighting terrorism and conducting joint military exercises. Germany has also supported India's waiver from the Nuclear Suppliers Group to trade nuclear materials and energy. In 2008, the Indian navy

 and the German navy conducted joint exercises for the first time, following a defense cooperation agreement between the two nations signed in 2006. India has so far launched seven German satellites into Polar orbits since 1999.

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